Food Politics: How the Food Industry Influences Nutrition and Health by Marion Nestle
My rating: 5 of 5 stars
"We may believe that we make informed decisions about food choice, but we cannot do so if we are oblivious of the ways food companies influence our choices."
For most Americans, the acts of choosing, purchasing and consuming food occur on auto pilot. While it may seem that we're making conscious, educated decisions regarding the foods we eat, this may be more illusion than fact. Nutritional misinformation and confusion abounds, and we've got the health outcomes to prove it. But how did we get here?
In Food Politics, Marion Nestle tells the story of how politics have influenced the way we eat. Nestle delves into a variety of tactics used by the food industry in order to create a regulatory environment favorable for business. She provides ample evidence to show how our collective understanding of nutrition has been shaped more by what's beneficial to corporations than what's beneficial to our health.
This book is an excellent summation of how the politics of food has evolved as industry has grown. Nestle also does a great job of showing how the decisions made by food companies, legislators, advertisers, and health professionals directly impact the choices consumers make when it comes to food. Though it's been almost two decades since its original publication, Nestle's pointed criticisms towards the unholy alliances between corporations and government remain relevant.
I appreciate the fact that rather than simply throwing a bunch of problems at us, Nestle calls upon her expertise to provide recommendations for tackling the problems plaguing our nutritional landscape. While much of it remains unheeded, Nestle's suggestions are a solid blueprint for how we can create a society that promotes and supports healthy lifestyles.
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Evil Geniuses: The Unmaking of America by Kurt Andersen
My rating: 4 of 5 stars
It was the riveting title and an interview of Kurt Andersen on The Hill's Rising which first compelled me to pick up Evil Geniuses: The Unmaking of America. The urgency in his voice during that interview is fully reflected in this work: it is a call to action for all American citizens to finally and totally reject the delusional haze of nostalgia that has effectively brought this nation to the brink.
It's a very particular kind of nostalgia, which Andersen does a very entertaining job of elucidating. This thorough body of work draws vivid comparisons between various eras in American history to show how economically, politically, and culturally, we've been held in a sort of stasis that has prevented us from making the progress necessary to protect ourselves from the challenges of our current time. The narrative is compelling. We're taken through the story of the purposeful alterations of our political and economic systems via changes to law and policy by captains of industry in order to rig the game completely in their favor. It is the story of how we've come to the point of socioeconomic stagnation and extreme wealth inequality burdening us today.
Rather than relying on conjecture, Andersen does a great job of collecting writings, interviews, meeting minutes, and the pivotal texts which undergirded the scheme to reverse the gains of the New Deal in order to reinstate the more laissez faire free market system which existed prior. It was a slow burn, a long game which involved making specific changes spanning from the particulars of the legal system to utilizing the media to influence public opinions regarding the role of big business in American society. Individuals like Milton Friedman and his ilk left no stone unturned when it came to executing their plan to mold the American economy in their image. Andersen does a great job of fleshing out this history and the cultural changes which happened in parallel.
As the book progresses, Andersen's call for change becomes more urgent. He raises the pressing question of automation and what this will mean for jobs. He brings up climate change and how our lack of preparation stems from the rash of deregulation which has occurred over the previous decades. He even rounds it all out with our current viral pandemic that we were naturally completely unprepared for. In laying out our current landscape and the challenges facing us all, Andersen is clear and comprehensive.
However, there were moments when I felt that much of his ire was directed quite stridently towards one end of the political spectrum while somewhat glossing over or ignoring the role of politicians on the other. Yes, he brings up many instances where Democrats clearly either dropped the ball or became "useful idiots" (I don't like this term) for "the other side", and he briefly mentions the changes in the Overton Window which have pulled many Dems further to the right, but I find myself unsatisfied with this narrative. I think a more nuanced view would have spent a bit more time deconstructing the ways in which corporate money has also become a damaging influence on the left, and how this has worked in synchrony to help propel the big business agenda of the right. It almost slipped into this angel/devil dichotomy which laid the bulk of the blame on the right while painting our politicians on the left as helpless actors within this system. A more thorough analysis of the corrupting nature of money in politics on both sides would have allowed for a more complete picture of how we got to where we are. The greed for green is a monster that has permeated the Democratic party far deeper than Andersen seemed willing to probe. Which is a shame because it is also a major obstacle preventing the institution of the very sociopolitical changes which Andersen himself pushes for in this book.
All in all, this was a very engrossing read. Oftentimes such works can be honestly boring as hell, but Andersen's entertaining voice, cool cultural references and relevant anecdotes helped to quicken the pace. In spite of my gripe regarding how soft he went on Democrats, I do feel that this is an important read which serves as a clarion call for us all to step up to the challenges of our time and demand the political and socioeconomic changes that will create a strong, fair and equitable society.
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Salt Sugar Fat: How the Food Giants Hooked Us by Michael Moss
My rating: 5 of 5 stars
This is a story about addiction and greed. It's the story of how Americans (and inevitably the rest of the world) became unwitting pawns in the never-ending corporate quest for profits. It's about much more than how salt, sugar, and fat have been manipulated to make food more addicting. If you've ever looked around and asked yourself, 'how have we become so sick?', the answers can be found between the pages of this book.
It's very well written and thoroughly researched, laying bare a lot of insider knowledge regarding exactly how processed food products have been invented and marketed to consumers. This can be a very empowering read for those who are still unaware of the harmful nature of much of what is sold to consumers as food. It can help one to take a closer, more critical look at the things that have become second nature and even ritualistic, from the foods that we choose to eat, to the frequent, mindless ways we've come to consume them.
It's quite a shame that in spite of the damning nature of much of the information contained in this book, not much has changed. However, in the continued fight towards educating and empowering consumers to wrest back control of their nutrition and ultimately their health, this book is a powerful resource.
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Niv Mullings is a writer, poet, and plant-based health coach hailing from The Boogie Down Bronx.